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Todays TOP GK Current Affairs One-Liners in Short 26-10-2019

Todays TOP GK Current Affairs One-Liners in Short 26-10-2019

International
NATO Defence Ministers lash out at Turkey for its military operation in Syria
  • NATO defence ministers have slammed Turkey for its military operation in Syria. The first day of a two-day meeting of the ministers in Brussels was dominated by the issue, with Turkey isolated among the 29 member states.
  • NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg stressed that the ministers agreed on the need to maintain our unity in the fight against ISIS
  • Germany presented an idea to deploy international troops to create a security zone in northeast Syria.
  • The top commander of Syria’s Kurdish force, Mazloum Abdi, welcomed the proposal.
  • Instead of this plan, they stressed their broad support for ways to engage the international community to find a political situation in northern Syria.
  • It is planning to beef up its presence in the northeast corner of Syria to protect oil fields there from being retaken by the Islamic State terror group.
  • The US is committed to reinforcing its position, in coordination with its SDF partners, in northeast Syria with additional military assets to prevent those oil fields from falling back to into the hands of ISIS or other destabilizing actors.
  • Turkish and Syrian ambassadors clashed at their first UN Security Council encounter since Turkey launched a cross-border offensive earlier this month.
  • Syrian Ambassador Bashar Ja’afari told council members his government condemns in the strongest terms the Turkish aggression.
  • He accused the Europeans of creating the current situation.
  • These countries played a vital role in sponsoring secessionist, illegitimate militias in the northeast of Syria.
  • Turkey’s ambassadorFeridun Sinirlioglu, called it a limited counter-terrorism operation to eliminate the longstanding existential terror threat along their border with Syria.
  • Michael Barkin, a special advisor at the US Mission to the United Nations, told the council that the US is hopeful the permanent cease-fire will be honoured and civilians will be protected'
Protests in Lebanon enters 2nd week
  • Protests in Lebanon entered a second week on 24 October, 2019 with demonstrators blocking main roads in Beirut and other parts of the country.
  • October 17 by a proposed tax on calls made through messaging apps, the protests have morphed into a cross-sectarian street mobilisation against a political system seen as corrupt and broken.
  • Embattled Prime Minister Saad Hariri has presented a package of reforms, including cutting ministerial salaries, but the rallies have continued, crippling Beirut and other major cities.
  • Hariri held meetings with security and military leaders, stressing the need to maintain security and open roads, the state-run National News Agency reported
US urges Bangladesh to postpone relocation of Rohingyas
  • The US has urged Bangladesh to postpone relocation of Rohingyas to the uninhabited island Bhashan Char.
  • In a statement given at the House Foreign Affairs Sub Committee, acting assistant secretary at the Bureau of South and Central Asia Alice G Wells urged Bangladesh to postpone any refugee relocation to Bhashan Char until independent experts can determine it a suitable location.
  • Appreciating Bangladesh for allowing Rohingya refugees to take shelter in the country that opening its border for 700,000 Rohingya refugees since August 2017 deserves recognition from international partners, including the United States.
  • Myanmar must create conditions for the Rohingya’s voluntary, safe, dignified and sustainable repatriation and guarantee their rights as recommended by the Annan Commission.
  • Earlier on October 21, Bangladesh had assured European Union that relocation of the Rohingyas to the Bhashan Char will be voluntary.
  • Government of Bangladesh has been keen to relocate the Rohingya refugees to the Bhashan char island where arrangements for relocating 1 lakh people have been made at a cost of 23,000 crores Taka.
  • It has built houses, cyclone shelters, a three-metre high and 13-km long flood-defence embankment, food warehouses and other basic facilities on the island.
  • While the government planned to relocate Rohingyas, environmentalists say that the Bhashan Char which has emerged less than two decades back from the sea falls in an ecologically fragile area prone to floods, erosion and cyclone.
  • The issue of forced relocation and lack of mobility on the island has also been raised by organisations working among the Rohingyas.

National
Union Home Minister Amit Shah on a four-day visit to Gujarat
  • Union Home Minister Amit Shah will be on a four-day visit to Gujarat from today (25 October, 2019). During this visit, he will dedicate and lay foundation stones of series of development projects in his Gandhinagar Lok Sabha constituency.
  • Mr Shah will also celebrate Diwali festival and Gujarati New Year on 27th & 28th October, 2019 along with his family in Ahmedabad.
  • On the first day, Mr. Shah will distribute financial assistance to the beneficiaries of various government schemes at a programme to be held at Mahatma Mandir in Gandhinagar.
  • Mr. Shah will allot houses built by the Gandhinagar Urban Development Authority to the beneficiaries at the same venue.
  • After that, he will inaugurate a bridge and also lay the foundation stone of APMC at Kalol town in Gandhinagar district. He will also distribute the assistive kits to the Divyangs on this occasion.
  • Mr. Shah will dedicate various projects including an overbridge, at a function in Bopal area of Ahmedabad on 26 October, 2019.
  • After that, he will lay the foundation stone of various development projects and distribute financial assistance to government beneficiaries at Sanand in Ahmedabad district.
President Ram Nath Kovind to visit Rajgir for Golden Jubilee celebration of Vishwa Shanti Stupa
  • President Ram Nath Kovind will visit Rajgir in Bihar today (25 October, 2019). Mr. Kovind will inaugurate day long golden jubilee celebrations of Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda) in Rajgir.
  • More than 300 Buddhist monks, devotees and eminent personalities from Japan, Thailand, Srilanka, Bhutan, Nepal, US and other countries have arrived to take part in the function.
  • During his brief visit, the President will participate in prayers and also address the gathering at the venue.
  • The Vishwa Shanti Stupa has completed 50 years of its establishment. To mark this occasion Buddhist monks will today chant traditional mantras in unison for peace, fraternity, humanity and compassion.
  • Situated on Ratnagiri hillock, this iconic structure was constructed by Japanese Buddhist monk popularly known as Fujii Guruji in 1969.
  • Legend says Ratnagiri hillock of Rajgir attaches important relation with Lord Buddha because after getting the enlightenment he spent a monastic life and preached his disciples at nearby Griddhakut Parvat.
National Unity Day to be celebrated on Oct 31
  • National Unity Day will be celebrated on 31st October to mark the birth anniversary of Ironman Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • Preparations are in full swing to celebrate the day in a grand manner.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Kevadia in Gujarat to pay homage to the great leader at the Statue of Unity.
  • To celebrate the spirit of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat, celebrations will be held in more than 600 districts of the country.
  • Home Minister Amit Shah will flag off the commemorative Run For Unity from New Delhi’s Major Dhyanchand National Stadium.

IIT-Bombay topped QS India University Rankings

The latest 2 edition of Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) India University Rankings 2020 was released recently.
IIT Bombay has again topped all Indian Institutes in the list with an overall score of 88.5 followed by IISc- Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (ranked 2 with 84.7 score).
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi has improved a notch to rank 3 with 82.2 scores.

IIM Kozhikode & MRPL joined hands to support women entrepreneurs
  • IIM Kozhikode and Mangalore Refineries and Petrochemicals Ltd. have announced a special drive Labelled as La Eve to support women entrepreneurs in the country.
  • The initiative aims to identify innovative, promising women-founded start-ups to provide a comprehensive start-up support programme.
  • The initiative would be steered by the institute’s entrepreneurship development centre.

Indian Army to conduct Sindhu Sudarshan exercise
  • The Indian Army will conduct exercise Sindhu Sudarshan for the year 2019 in the deserts of Rajasthan from November 29 to December 4, 2019.
  • The aim of this exercise is to evaluate the capability of the defence services in an integrated air-land battle.
  • The operational efficiency of the Strike Corps fighting in the desert terrain will be assessed during the exercise.

Assam government started scholarship scheme
  • The Assam government has decided to start a scholarship scheme for children of tea tribe community, studying in 10th and 12th classes.
  • It would cover students of all tea gardens in the state.
  • An amount of 10 thousand rupees will be provided to each student.
  • ‘Shramik Mitras’ would be appointed in every tea garden to make people aware of the scheme.

First national protocol launched to Enumerate Snow Leopard
  • Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change launched the first national protocol to enumerate the snow leopard population in the country on the occasion of International Snow Leopard Day.
  • The Day is celebrated on October 23 every year to protect and conserve the snow leopards and preserve the beautiful wildlife of the Himalayas.
  • India is believed to have 400 to 700 snow leopards.

Economy

GeM and Federal Bank signed MoU
  • The Government e-Marketplace (GeM) signed a MoU with Federal Bank to offer a number of services including transfer of funds through GeM Pool Accounts (GPA), advising of Performance Bank Guarantees (e-PBG) and Earnest Money Deposit (EMD) to the registered users on the portal.
  • The MoU will facilitate a cashless, paperless and transparent payment system on the portal.

Sports

Under 19 World Cup schedule
  • Holders India will begin their Under-19 World Cup defence with a clash against Sri Lanka on January 19th at the Mangaung Oval in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • Four-time champions India have been grouped alongside New Zealand, Sri Lanka and first-timers Japan in Group A in the tournament, starting on 17th January, 2020.
  • India will take on Japan on January 21st and New Zealand and January 24th in the 16-team tournament, the final of which is scheduled for 9th February.
  • Last edition’s runner-up and three-time champion Australia will take on West Indies in Group B opening encounter that also features England and debutants Nigeria.
  • Group C will see Pakistan battle alongside Bangladesh, Zimbabwe and Scotland.
  • Hosts South Africa will play their opening match against Afghanistan on January 17th. The United Arab Emirates and Canada are the other teams in Group D.
  • The top 11 full Members in the last edition in New Zealand and the five regional champions, who have qualified for the event, will also play warm-up matches from 12-15 January in Johannesburg and Pretoria.
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